143 Cf. Matrimony, or Marriage, is another sacrament that consecrates for a particular mission in building up the Church, and that provides grace for accomplishing that mission. The Church may establish impediments, including diriment impediments which invalidate a marriage and forbidding impediments which make marriage illegal. 171 GS 52 § 1. The Church manifests an attentive solicitude toward such people and encourages them to a life of faith, prayer, works of charity and the Christian education of their children. 1616 This is what the Apostle Paul makes clear when he says: "Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, that he might sanctify her," adding at once: "'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one. In the Eastern right, the priest is the minister. GE 3. 131 Cf. 116 Cf. Disparity of cult can further aggravate these difficulties. GS 48 § 1). "154 This human communion is confirmed, purified, and completed by communion in Jesus Christ, given through the sacrament of Matrimony. "155 Polygamy is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive.156, 1646 By its very nature conjugal love requires the inviolable fidelity of the spouses. The sacrament of matrimony consist of the marriage contract, so that for Christians the contract and the sacrament are inseparable. How does sin threaten marriage? . Their distinctions remain, and yet in their marriage we find that there is something there that is greater than the sum of the persons involved. Hence, true married love and the whole structure of family life which results from it, without diminishment of the other ends of marriage, are directed to disposing the spouses to cooperate valiantly with the love of the Creator and Savior, who through them will increase and enrich his family from day to day. 134 Cf. Mt 10:8; Eph 5:31. 156 Cf. Tradition has always seen in the Song of Solomon a unique expression of human love, insofar as it is a reflection of God's love - a love "strong as death" that "many waters cannot quench. 148 LG 11 § 2; cf. The Christian community is called to help these persons live out their situation in a Christian manner and in fidelity to their marriage bond which remains indissoluble.159. . In the Old Testament the polygamy of patriarchs and kings is not yet explicitly rejected. Terms of Endearment. 91 Gen 1:28; cf. The Church is nothing other than "the family of God." 111 Cf. 1627 The consent consists in a "human act by which the partners mutually give themselves to each other": "I take you to be my wife" - "I take you to be my husband. These differences should not cause us to forget its common and permanent characteristics. The most excellent good is something even better than what is admitted to be good. They should be encouraged to listen to the Word of God, to attend the Sacrifice of the Mass, to persevere in prayer, to contribute to works of charity and to community efforts for justice, to bring up their children in the Christian faith, to cultivate the spirit and practice of penance and thus implore, day by day, God's grace.161, 1652 "By its very nature the institution of marriage and married love is ordered to the procreation and education of the offspring and it is in them that it finds its crowning glory. Matrimony is not an obligation for everyone, especially since God calls some men and women to follow the Lord Jesus in a life of virginity or of celibacy for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven. Gen 1:27; 1 Jn 4:8, 16. 1063. The seven sacraments are as follows: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults, Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Marriage and Holy Orders.... Of all the sacraments, the sacrament of marriage is the most controversial because it was not included in the original sacraments. But the difficulties of mixed marriages must not be underestimated. It is therefore appropriate that it should be celebrated in the public liturgy of the Church; - Marriage introduces one into an ecclesial order, and creates rights and duties in the Church between the spouses and towards their children; - Since marriage is a state of life in the Church, certainty about it is necessary (hence the obligation to have witnesses); - The public character of the consent protects the "I do" once given and helps the spouses remain faithful to it. Hos 1-3; Isa 54; 62; Jer 2-3; 31; Ezek 16; 23; Mal 2:13-17. FC 28. 1606 Every man experiences evil around him and within himself. 130 Cf. . 84 CIC, can. 4. 125 Cf. 1635 According to the law in force in the Latin Church, a mixed marriage needs for liceity the express permission of ecclesiastical authority.137 In case of disparity of cult an express dispensation from this impediment is required for the validity of the marriage.138 This permission or dispensation presupposes that both parties know and do not exclude the essential ends and properties of marriage; and furthermore that the Catholic party confirms the obligations, which have been made known to the non-Catholic party, of preserving his or her own faith and ensuring the baptism and education of the children in the Catholic Church.139. The symbols that are used during weddings are: Rings: The rings symbolise God's not finishing love, just as the cirlce has no start or finish. In a case of disparity of cult (between a Catholic and a non-baptized person) a dispensation is required for validity. 129 Gen 2:24; cf. As Fr. 149 GS 48 § 2. FC 20. "The well-being of the individual person and of both human and Christian society is closely bound up with the healthy state of conjugal and family life. Gen 2:18-25. After the fall, marriage helps to overcome self-absorption, egoism, pursuit of one's own pleasure, and to open oneself to the other, to mutual aid and to self-giving. 1623 According to Latin tradition, the spouses as ministers of Christ's grace mutually confer upon each other the sacrament of Matrimony by expressing their consent before the Church. In the tradition of the Eastern Churches, the priests (bishops or presbyters) are witnesses to the mutual consent given by the spouses,124 but for the validity of the sacrament their blessing is also necessary.125. 1661 The sacrament of Matrimony signifies the union of Christ and the Church. Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage, but also different religious mentalities, can become sources of tension in marriage, especially as regards the education of children. John Hardon explains in his Pocket Catholic Dictionary, there are four elements common to natural marriage throughout history: 1. From the beginning, the core of the Church was often constituted by those who had become believers "together with all [their] household. Mk 8:34; Mt 11:29-30. "87 The vocation to marriage is written in the very nature of man and woman as they came from the hand of the Creator. Christ not only restored the original order of matrimony but raised it to the dignity of a sacrament, giving spouses a special grace to live out their marriage as a symbol of Christ’s love for his bride the Church: “Husbands, love your wives as Christ loves the Church” (Ephesians 5:25). The bond with him takes precedence over all other bonds, familial or social.113 From the very beginning of the Church there have been men and women who have renounced the great good of marriage to follow the Lamb wherever he goes, to be intent on the things of the Lord, to seek to please him, and to go out to meet the Bridegroom who is coming.114 Christ himself has invited certain persons to follow him in this way of life, of which he remains the model: 1619 Virginity for the sake of the kingdom of heaven is an unfolding of baptismal grace, a powerful sign of the supremacy of the bond with Christ and of the ardent expectation of his return, a sign which also recalls that marriage is a reality of this present age which is passing away.116. The temptation to religious indifference can then arise. 2. Gen 2:24. Marriage. For this reason (or for other reasons that render the marriage null and void) the Church, after an examination of the situation by the competent ecclesiastical tribunal, can declare the nullity of a marriage, i.e., that the marriage never existed. 97 Cf. Acts 16:31; Acts 11:14. 1615 This unequivocal insistence on the indissolubility of the marriage bond may have left some perplexed and could seem to be a demand impossible to realize. For man is created in the image and likeness of God who is himself love.90 Since God created him man and woman, their mutual love becomes an image of the absolute and unfailing love with which God loves man. 135 Cf. The three elements of mortal sin are: Grave matter (i.e., gravely wrong). This makes it all the more important to proclaim the Good News that God loves us with a definitive and irrevocable love, that married couples share in this love, that it supports and sustains them, and that by their own faithfulness they can be witnesses to God's faithful love. 1654 Spouses to whom God has not granted children can nevertheless have a conjugal life full of meaning, in both human and Christian terms. As long as one’s spouse lives, however, one is not free to contract a new union, except if the marriage be null and be declared so by ecclesiastical authority. According to the original divine plan this conjugal union is indissoluble, as Jesus Christ affirmed: “What God has joined together, let no man put asunder” (Mark 10:9). 133 Cf. God himself seals the consent of the spouses. The sacrament of Matrimony establishes a perpetual and exclusive bond between the spouses. 1609 In his mercy God has not forsaken sinful man. 163 GS 50 § 1; cf. This is a great mystery, and I mean in reference to Christ and the Church" (Eph 5:25, 32). 169 LG 11. 118 Cf. . "140 It is a great joy for the Christian spouse and for the Church if this "consecration" should lead to the free conversion of the other spouse to the Christian faith.141 Sincere married love, the humble and patient practice of the family virtues, and perseverance in prayer can prepare the non-believing spouse to accept the grace of conversion. FC 83; CIC, cann. Consequently, they cannot receive Eucharistic communion as long as this situation persists. LG 42; PC 12; OT 10. There are seven: Baptism, Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony. Matrimonial consent is given when a man and a woman manifest the will to give themselves to each other irrevocably in order to live a covenant of faithful and fruitful love. 108 Cf. Yet there are some situations in which living together becomes practically impossible for a variety of reasons. They should encourage them in the vocation which is proper to each child, fostering with special care any religious vocation."169. "147 This grace proper to the sacrament of Matrimony is intended to perfect the couple's love and to strengthen their indissoluble unity. 126 Cf. "No one is without a family in this world: the Church is a home and family for everyone, especially those who 'labor and are heavy laden.'"172. GS 22. 1151-1155. In both cases, it is essential that the spouses do not exclude the acceptance of the essential ends and properties of marriage. The chief duties of husband and … It aims at a deeply personal unity, a unity that, beyond union in one flesh, leads to forming one heart and soul; it demands indissolubility and faithfulness in definitive mutual giving; and it is open to fertility. And the sacrament of marriage is, in a very particular sense, the sacrament of society. It requires particular attention on the part of couples and their pastors. John Paul II, FC 16. even in the eyes of society. 1634 Difference of confession between the spouses does not constitute an insurmountable obstacle for marriage, when they succeed in placing in common what they have received from their respective communities, and learn from each other the way in which each lives in fidelity to Christ. Council of Trent: DS 1813-1816; CIC, can. 1055 § 1; cf. It is also a public statement about God: the loving union of husband and wife speaks of family values and also God's values. It is a union of opposite sexes. 1606-1608. CCEO, can. The "intimate union of marriage, as a mutual giving of two persons, and the good of the children, demand total fidelity from the spouses and require an unbreakable union between them."157. Love seeks to be definitive; it cannot be an arrangement "until further notice." The Catholic Church distinguishes between a legal marriage and the Sacrament of Matrimony. "89, 1604 God who created man out of love also calls him to love the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being. 147 LG 11 § 2. 120 Cf. "142, 1639 The consent by which the spouses mutually give and receive one another is sealed by God himself.143 From their covenant arises "an institution, confirmed by the divine law, . The apostles taught on the beauty and significance of marriage throughout the New Testament (1 Peter 3:1-12). By this grace they "help one another to attain holiness in their married life and in welcoming and educating their children."148. The punishments consequent upon sin, "pain in childbearing" and toil "in the sweat of your brow,"100 also embody remedies that limit the damaging effects of sin. They arise from the fact that the separation of Christians has not yet been overcome. Many remain without a human family often due to conditions of poverty. 1055 § 2. Rev 14:4; 1 Cor 7:32; Mt 2:56. THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH, CHAPTER THREE The Church, since she is faithful to her Lord, cannot recognize the union of people who are civilly divorced and remarried. 168 LG 11; cf. For a valid marriage the consent must have as its object true Matrimony, and be a human act which is conscious and free and not determined by duress or coercion. It gives spouses the grace to love each other with the love with which Christ has loved his Church; the grace of the sacrament thus perfects the human love of the spouses, strengthens their indissoluble unity, and sanctifies them on the way to eternal life (cf. 1618 Christ is the center of all Christian life. Christ himself elevated the natural institution of marriage to the dignity of a sacrament during his public ministry. However, they cannot receive sacramental absolution, take Holy Communion, or exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities as long as their situation, which objectively contravenes God's law, persists. He who is able to receive this, let him receive it.". Furthermore, this sacrament bestows upon the spouses the grace necessary to attain holiness in their married life and to accept responsibly the gift of children and provide for their education. 104 Rev 19:7,9; cf. 1057 § 1. IV. 1141. . 1666 The Christian home is the place where children receive the first proclamation of the faith. They will lead Christian lives especially by educating their children in the faith. . - Sacramental marriage is a liturgical act. It is imperative to give suitable and timely instruction to young people, above all in the heart of their own families, about the dignity of married love, its role and its exercise, so that, having learned the value of chastity, they will be able at a suitable age to engage in honorable courtship and enter upon a marriage of their own.136. It is good, very good, in the Creator's eyes. 1650 Today there are numerous Catholics in many countries who have recourse to civil divorce and contract new civil unions. 1657 It is here that the father of the family, the mother, children, and all members of the family exercise the priesthood of the baptized in a privileged way "by the reception of the sacraments, prayer and thanksgiving, the witness of a holy life, and self-denial and active charity. 89 GS 47 § 1. In such cases the Church permits the physical, Today there are numerous Catholics in many countries who have recourse to civil. In fidelity to the words of Jesus Christ - "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery"160 the Church maintains that a new union cannot be recognized as valid, if the first marriage was. 1648 It can seem difficult, even impossible, to bind oneself for life to another human being. In sacramental terms, the man and the woman are the ministers of the Sacrament of Marriage, not the priest or deacon who performs the ceremony; therefore, in entering into the sacrament, they need to intend by an act of the will to do what the Church intends in the sacrament: "Matrimonial consent is an act of the will by which a man and a woman mutually give and accept each other through … The example and teaching given by parents and families remain the special form of this preparation. 154 FC 19. 2,8,6-7:PL 1,1412-1413; cf. Since Matrimony establishes spouses in a public state of life in the Church, its liturgical celebration is public, taking place in the presence of a priest (or of a witness authorized by the Church) and other witnesses. "94 The Lord himself shows that this signifies an unbreakable union of their two lives by recalling what the plan of the Creator had been "in the beginning": "So they are no longer two, but one flesh."95. CIC, can. CIC, can. 150 Eph 5:21; cf. . CIC, can. CIC, can. "For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. "153 They "are called to grow continually in their communion through day-to-day fidelity to their marriage promise of total mutual self-giving. 88 Cf. Acts 18:8. Gen 1:28; 3:16-19. In such cases the Church permits the physical separation of the couple and their living apart. "128 This consent that binds the spouses to each other finds its fulfillment in the two "becoming one flesh."129. CIC, can. This is the consequence of the gift of themselves which they make to each other. 817. 1630 The priest (or deacon) who assists at the celebration of a marriage receives the consent of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessing of the Church. marriage between baptized persons) is really a sacrament of the New Law in the strict sense of the word is for all Catholics an indubitable truth. Christian marriage in its turn becomes an efficacious sign, the sacrament of the covenant of Christ and the Church. In other words the couple who are getting married administer the … 1644 The love of the spouses requires, of its very nature, the unity and indissolubility of the spouses' community of persons, which embraces their entire life: "so they are no longer two, but one flesh. 1 Cor 7:16. Mt 19:11. The ministers of the Sacrament of Matrimony in the Latin Rite are the bride and groom, and the priest and deacons are witnesses. According to the Council of Trent this dogma has always been taught by the Church, and is thus defined in canon i, Sess. 1125. 145 GS 48 § 2. 115 Mt 19:12. Christ the Lord raised marriage between the baptized to the dignity of a sacrament (cf. The spouses risk experiencing the tragedy of Christian disunity even in the heart of their own home. 1621 In the Latin Rite the celebration of marriage between two … PART TWO 95 Mt 19:6. Their union has always been threatened by discord, a spirit of domination, infidelity, jealousy, and conflicts that can escalate into hatred and separation. By its very nature it is ordered to the good of the couple, as well as to the generation and education of children. 87 GS 48 § 1. 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