Nivelle once again utilizes his creeping barrage tactic in which his armies advance in stages closely behind successive waves of artillery fire. General Guillaumat appointed Allied Commander-in-Chief at Salonika (see 14th, and June 6th, 1918). Hamadan (Western Persia) recaptured by Russian forces (see August 10th, 1916, and March 16th, 1918). German airship "L.-22" destroyed in North Sea by British warships. May 27-June 1, 1917 - The mutinous atmosphere in the French Army erupts into open insubordination as soldiers refuse orders to advance. Nearly 300,000 Italians surrender as the Austro-Germans advance, while some 400,000 desert. Battle of Polygon Wood (Ypres) ends (see September 26th). "Salta" mined off Havre. April 9, 1917 - The British Army has one of its most productive days of the war as 3rd Army, supported by Canadian and Australian troops, makes rapid advances north of the Hindenburg Line at Arras and Vimy on the Western Front. Second Battle of Gaza begins (see 19th and March 27th). Seven more American ships are sunk in February and March as the Germans sink 500 ships in just sixty days. Between 9.15pm and 10.45pm a heavy and continuous air raid in which 60 bombs were dropped, six or seven hitting 4 Stationary Hospital (at Arques) and three falling on 58 (Scottish) General Hospital. April 16, 1917: Facts & Myths About This Day. Dr. da Silva Paes appointed Acting President of Portugal (see December 11th, 1917, and May 9th, 1918). According to the scheme, Germany would provide tactical support while Mexico would benefit by expanding into the American Southwest, retrieving territories that had once been part of Mexico. Agreement signed at The Hague for the exchange of combatant and civilian British and German prisoners of war (see May 13th, 1916). United States Government announce decision to send a Division of the United States Army to France at once (see June 25th). It was International Women's Day and the women of Russia were ready to be heard. Raid by British naval light forces on the Kattegat (see April 15th, 1918). Inception of Supreme War Council (see 27th). Kerenski's forces defeated by Bolsheviki near Petrograd (see 8th and 15th). Qasr-i-Shirin (Western Persia) again taken by Russian forces (see June 20th, 1916 and July 8th, 1917). November 15, 1917 - Georges Clemenceau becomes France's new Prime Minister at age 76. M. Tereshchenko succeeds M. Milyukov as Russian Foreign minister (see March 15th and November 8th). "Drake" sunk by submarine in the North Channel. It Happened to Adele - 1917 was released on: USA: 15 July 1917 . French cruiser "Chãteau Renault" sunk by submarine. Herr von Bethmann-Holweg, German Imperial Chancellor, resigns (appointed July 14th, 1909): succeeded by Dr. Michaelis (see October 30th). The nitrates and other chemicals used in explosives makes excellent fertilizer. "State of War" also begins between Greece and Austria-Hungary and between Greece and Turkey (see 26th). clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place. The German 8th Army utilizes new storm troop tactics devised by General Oskar von Hutier. non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio M. Barthou, French Foreign Minister, resigns (see 16th and October 23rd). Meanwhile the British launched a major offensive at Passchendaele in autumn 1917: as at … Lenin announces that Soviet Russia will immediately end its involvement in the war and renounces all existing treaties with the Allies. December 9, 1917 - Jerusalem is captured by the British. General Brusilov succeeds General Alexeiev as Russian Commander-in-Chief (see September 5th, 1915 and August 1st, 1917). Norwegian Government forbid all foreign submarines to use Norwegian territorial waters (see October 13th, 1916). It features a series of intensive, narrowly focused artillery and troop attacks with limited objectives, to be launched every six days. Count Hertling succeeds Dr. Michaelis as German lmperial Chancellor (see July 14th, 1917 and September 30th, 1918). Mush (Armenia) occupied by Turkish forces (see August 24th, 1916). Action between German raider "Leopard" and H.M.S. M. Pokrovski, Russian Foreign Minister, resigns (see December 12th, 1916 and March 15th, 1917). French Offensive stopped (see 16th): Second Battle of the Aisne and "Battle of the The Hills" end (see 16th and 17th). Nicaragua severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see May 8th, 1918). of Hitler | Defeat of Hitler | Hitler The Germans also benefit from good intelligence and aerial reconnaissance and are mostly aware of the French plan. World War One started in 1914 and lasted until 1918, so it was still going on in 1917. Suspension of hostilities between the Russian and German Armies begins (see 8th). Concerted attack by German submarines on United States transports defeated. On another hand, wars were still being waged. Manchu Emperor abdicates (see 1st and 6th). Baghdad occupied by British forces (see February 25th). First meeting of Great Inter-Allied Conference opens in Paris. Ministry of National Service formed in Great Britain (see December 19th, 1916). British S.S. "Laconia" sunk by submarine (see 27th). President Wilson states that he considers sinking of "Laconia" the "overt act" for which he was waiting (see 25th and april 6th). Janina (Greece) occupied by Italian forces. World War I (or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. First United States destroyer flotilla arrives at Queenstown (see June 18th). (see June 15th, 1917, aud October 31st, 1918). Armistice ("Truce of Focsani") signed between Rumania and Central Powers (see 6th, and November 10th, 1918). Once this succeeds, the plan is to first decimate the British Army to knock Britain out of the war, and then decimate the French Army, and thus secure final victory. Action of Tikrit (Mesopotamia) (see 6th). Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (Ypres) ends (see. Passage of the Diyala (near Baghdad) (7th/10th). Bapaume occupied by British forces (see September 26th, 1914 and March 24th, 1918). 11th January » The Kingsland Explosion called Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage. Bolshevik coup d'état in Petrograd. Major-General Pershing arrives in England (see 13th and May 10th). Corinth and Larissa occupied by Entente forces. General Allenby makes formal entry into Jerusalem (see 9th). Second Battle of Passchendaele ends (see October 26th) and Battles of Ypres, 1917, end (see July 31st, 1917 and September 28th, 1918). The battle is best known for the charge of the 4th Light Horse Brigade. (see May 17th and June 14th). Naval action in Gulf of Riga. Armistice pourparlers begun by Russian Bolshevik Government with Central Powers (see 8th, 27th and 30th). Guatemala severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see April 23rd, 1918). "lnter-Allied Chartering Committee" established for chartering shipping (see December 3rd, 1916 and November 3rd, 1917). Turkish Army retreats from Kut (see 23rd and January 9th). Full Inter-Allied Conference assembles in Paris to discuss the Balkan situation, with military, naval and political committees to discuss plans in view of a probable collapse of Russia (Conference continued on 26th). Even the army had to cut the rations for soldiers. General Guchkov appointed Russian Minister for War (see 13th, 14th, and May 16th). The British react to the new bombing campaign by forming home defense fighter squadrons and later conduct retaliatory bombing raids against Germany by British planes based in France. January 19, 1917 - The British intercept a telegram sent by Alfred Zimmermann in the German Foreign Office to the German embassies in Washington, D.C., and Mexico City. The Russians attack along a 40-mile front but suffer from a jumble of tactical problems including a lack of artillery coordination, poor troop placement, and serious disunity within the ranks reflecting the divisive political situation back home. August 1917. Russia proclaimed a Republic by the Provisional GoVernment (see 10th). German force under Captain Tafel surrenders to the British in the Mwiti Valley (German East Africa). Severe aeroplane raid on Kent by moonlight (Casualties about 230, mostly military). Austro-Hungarian Government accept Bolshevik proposals to negotiate for an armistice and peace (see 21st and December 3rd). French President Poincaré personally intervenes and Nivelle is relieved of his command. July 2, 1917 - Greece declares war on the Central Powers, following the abdication of pro-German King Constantine who is replaced by a pro-Allied administration led by Prime Minister Venizelos. Third Battle of Gaza ends (see October 27th). Russian Provisional Government (see March 14th) issue Proclamation to Allied Governments declaring in favour of self-determination of peoples and a durable peace. World War II in Europe | Holocaust Timeline | Irish Potato Famine | Photo of the Week | This Month in History | History Videos | Hollywood's Best History Movies | Send Feedback ], Copyright © 2009 The History United States Government announce arming of all merchant vessels in the war zone (see February 26th). F. Kennedy Photo History, The Rise of War happened because of several different events that took place in the years building up to … March 15, 1917 - The 300-year-old Romanov dynasty in Russia ends upon the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. Steady October rains create a slippery quagmire in which wounded soldiers routinely drown in mud-filled shell craters. Péronne and Noyon occupied by Allied forces (see September 21st, 24th and 25th, 1914; and March 24th and 25th, 1918). German aeroplanes for the first time raid London by night in force (see 2nd). He is replaced as Commander-in-Chief by General Henri Petain, who must deal with a French Army that is now showing signs of mutiny. December, 7, 1917 - Romania concludes an armistice with the Central Powers due to the demise of Imperial Russia, its former military ally. December 15, 1917 - Soviet Russia signs an armistice with Germany. General Pétain appointed Chief of French General Staff (see December 3rd, 1915 and May 15th, 1917). Historical Events for the Year 1917. Italy proclaims Protectorate over an independent Albania. October 26, 1917 - At Ypres, a second attempt is made but fails to capture the village of Passchendaele, with Canadian troops participating this time. Succeeded by General Diaz. Jerusalem surrenders to British forces (see 11th). First Battle of Doiran ends (second phase 8th/9th) (see April 24th, 1917 and September 18th, 1918). Entente Governments present demand to Greek Government for abdication of King Constantine (see 12th and May 28th). Declaration of War by Provisional Government against Germany and Bulgaria of November 23rd, 1916, becomes effective for the whole of Greece. General Cadorna relieved of the command of the Italian Armies (see May 23rd, 1915 and November 27th, 1917). (see 23rd). It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 9 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a dire… In all, 52 large marquees and 20 bell tents at the hospital were damaged and two marquees and a tent destroyed. Armistice between Russia and Central Powers begins (see 15th). Russian Revolution-Tsar Nicholas II abdicated. Members of Supreme Council appointed - General Sir H. H. Wilson, General F. Foch, General Cadorna and General Bliss (see 7th). Anglo-French Conference assembles in London to discuss the deposition of King Constantine of Greece and the occupation of Athens and Thessaly (continued on 29th) (see June 11th). (see 23rd). 1 0. M. Jonnart succeeds M. Métin as French Minister for Blockade [First Minister: formerly Blockade was under an Under-Secretary.] Russian forces begin withdrawal from Western Persia; Qasr-i-Shirin evacuated (see May 7th, 1916, March 25th, 1917 and January 8th, 1918). First units of Portuguese Expeditionary Force land in France (see August 8th, 1916, and June 17th, 1917). Eventually, he finds the Second Devons in a nearby forest, where a member of the battalion is singing a song as they prepare to march into battle. Mutiny breaks out in the Russian Black Sea Fleet at Sevastopol (see March 16th, 1917 and May 1st, 1918). Asked by Wiki User. Third Battle of Gaza begins (see April 19th and November 7th). Braila (Rumania) taken by German forces. Last Russian and Rumanian forces evacuate the Dobrudja (see August 25th, 1916, and December 3rd, 1918). The British then continue their advance and capture Baghdad, followed by Ramadi and Tikrit. By now, the Italians have been worn down from years of costly but inconclusive battles along the Isonzo and in the Trentino, amid a perceived lack of Allied support. Youth | Timeline of General Kornilov's revolt collapses (see 8th, 10th and 14th). Sensing they might break the Russian Army, the Germans launch a furious counter-offensive and watch as Russian soldiers run away. H.M.S. End of Third Battle of the Scarpe, 1917 (see 3rd) brings Battles of Arras, 1917, to an end (see April 9th). British Government inform Russian Provisional Government of their adherence to the principle of an independent and united Poland (see March 30th and September 13th, 1916, and January 10th, 1917). Russian battleship "Slava" sunk (see September 3rd). Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt, dies. German Government announce forthcoming "unrestricted" submarine warfare and threaten to sink hospital ships (see February 1st). Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo begins (see September 12th). From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image Q2661, with my thanks. World War I - World War I - Developments in 1917: The western Allies had good reason to be profoundly dissatisfied with the poor results of their enterprises of 1916, and this dissatisfaction was signalized by two major changes made at the end of the year. Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day. German conquest of the Baltic Islands completed (see 11th, 12th and 18th). Vossuq ed Douleh, Persian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, resigns (see August 29th, 1916, June 6th, 1917, and August 7th, 1918). Herr Richard von Kuhlmann appointed German Foreign Minister (see July 15th, 1917 and July 9th, 1918). German submarine bombards Scarborough (Yorkshire). M. Ribot reappointed French Foreign Minister (see 9th, and October 23rd ). Austro-German forces reach the Piave. Second Battle of Gaza ends (see 17th and October 27th). The Zimmermann telegram is passed along by the British to the Americans and is then made public, causing an outcry from interventionists in the U.S., such as former president Teddy Roosevelt, who favor American military involvement in the war. First contingent of United States troops arrives in France (see May 19th). Ain ed Douleh succeeds Ala es Sultaneh as Persian Prime Minister (see June 6th, 1917 and January 19th, 1918). Former succeeds M. Kerenski as Premier and latter succeeds M. Tereshchenko as Foreign Minister (see 13th, May 16th and August 6th). M. Barthou succeeds M. Ribot as French Foreign Minister (see September 12th and November 14th). ... (WW1). Affairs in the Siwa Oasis end (see 3rd and 8th). German "unrestricted submarine warfare" begins (see January 31st). Allied Conference in Paris resolve to establish an Allied Maritime Transport Council (see January 6th and November 3rd, 1917 and February 15th, 1918). Four days later, the Allies attack again and edge closer as the Germans slowly begin pulling out. November 20, 1917 - The first-ever mass attack by tanks occurs as the British 3rd Army rolls 381 tanks accompanied by six infantry divisions in a coordinated tank-infantry-artillery attack of German trenches near Cambrai, France, an important rail center. July 4, 1917) Dr. Artur von Zimmermann, German Foreign Minister, resigns (see November 21st, 1916, and August 5th, 1917). June Offensive (July 1, 1917–c. Greek Government make formal apology to the Allies for the occurrences of December 1st, 1916. M. Trepov, Russian Premier, resigns and is succeeded by Prince Golitsin (see November 24th, 1916 and March 13th, 1917). Ecuador severs diplomatic relations with Germany. First meeting of British Imperial War Conference (see December 19th, 1916). Santo Domingo severs diplomatic relations with Germany. H.M.S. Prince Lvov appointed Russian Premier (see 13th, 14th and July 19th). 1 decade ago. (Discussions continued on the 6th and 7th.). June 7, 1917 - A tremendous underground explosion collapses the German-held Messines Ridge south of Ypres in Belgium. Diplomatic relations severed with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey. Count Clam-Martinitz, Austrian Premier, resigns (see 23rd and December 21st, 1916). 19 Jan. The pursuit to Baghdad begins (see 24th and March 11th). There are 291 days remaining until the end of this year. The initial attack on Beersheba surprises the Turks and they pull troops away from Gaza which the British attack secondly. Japanese flotillas join Allied forces in the Mediterranean (see February 8th, 1916 and November 15th, 1917). The last German forces driven out of German East Africa into Portuguese territory (approximate date) (see November 25th). General Currie appointed to command Canadian troops in France. Thousands of soup kitchens were opened to feed the hungry people, who grumbled that the farmers were keeping the food for themselves. German airship "L.-59" leaves Yambol (Bulgaria) for East Africa [Evidence for this event rests on German statements only.] Battle of Jaffa (Palestine) ends (see 21st). Lieut.-General Sir T. E. Clarke, appointed Quartermaster-General, B.E.F., France (see 22nd). The British intercept and decode a telegram from the German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to Mexico urging her entry into war against the United States. M. Painlevé, French Premier and War Minister, resigns (see 16th, and September 12th). What are the important events that happened on March 15, 1917? This domain name stems from the last time the Boston Red Sox won the World Series in the 20th century. Honduras severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see July 19th, 1918). Roye occupied by French forces (see August 30th, 1914 and March 26th, 1918). Action of Nyangao (German East Africa) ends (see 16th). Battle of Bill 70 (Lens) ends (see 15th). Important events of 1917 during the fourth and penultimate year of the First World War, including the surprise tank attack by the British (pictured above) at the Battle of Cambrai. July 31-November 6, 1917. Major-General J. Pershing appointed to command United States Expeditionary Force (see June 8th). Director Sam Mendes’s new WWI epic, 1917, which just won Best Motion Picture – Drama at the Golden Globes is based on several grim true stories. General Shuvaev, Russian Minister for War, resigns and is succeeded by General Byelyaev (see March 29th, 1916, and March 13th, 1917). General Kornilov succeeds General Brusilov as Russian Commander-in-Chief (see June 4th and September 8th). Manchu Emperor (Hsuan-Fung) restored in China (see June 6th, 1916 and July 6th and 7th, 1917). March 15, 1917 - The 300-year-old Romanov dynasty in Russia ends upon the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. Action by the "Swift" and "Broke" (see October 26th, 1916 and February 15th, 1918). Samarra (Mesopotamia) taken by British forces (23rd/24th). Six days later, the British try again, with similar results. British Labour Party decide to send delegates to a "consultative" Conference at Stockholm (see 13th). Tenth Battle of the Isonzo begins (see June 8th). Armistice negotiations on Russian front resumed (see 6th and 15th). ltaly accedes to Franco-British Convention as to naval "prizes" (see November 9th, 1914). March 15, 1917: Facts & Myths About This Day. The British Admiralty, following on a Cabinet decision, appoint a Committee, in conjunction with the Ministry of Shipping, to draw up a plan to convoy merchant ships (see June 14th and July 2nd). Some of the most fertile ground in the world is around the fighting fields of The Great War. Japanese Government unable to comply with request of British Government that two Japanese battle cruisers should join the Grand Fleet in the North Sea (see February 8th, 1916, and April 17th, 1917). Greek soldiers are now added to the Allied ranks. M. Lebrun succeeds M. Jonnart as French Minister for Blockade (see 16th). Place™ All Rights Reserved. Main Page | American Revolution | Abraham Lincoln | U.S. Newsround's guide to what happened during World War One. Sir Eric Geddes appointed First Lord of the Admiralty, Great Britain (see July 19th). Uruguay severs diplomatic relations with Germany. (See December 19th, 1914). The new offensive comes amid promises of a major breakthrough within 24-hours by the new French Commander-in-Chief, Robert Nivelle, who planned the operation. February 25, 1917 - In the Middle East, newly reinforced and replenished British troops retake Kut al-Amara in Mesopotamia from outnumbered Turks. Passchendaele captured by British (Canadian) forces (see October 26th, 1917 and April 16th, 1918). Murman cruisers raid convoy in North Sea and sink British destroyers "Strongbow" and "Mary Rose'' (see December 12th). Mutiny breaks out in German Fleet at Wilhelmshaven (see November 3rd, 1918). Discover the most popular movies, songs and books released on 1917 on Allied Naval Conference held in London as to policy in Mediterranean (see November 30th). Riga captured by German forces (see 1st and 5th and October 16th). Admiral Sims, United States Navy, hoists his flag at Queenstown as acting Commander-in-Chief Irish Command (see April 9th and May 2nd). M. Kerenski succeeds General Guchkov as Russian Minister for War (see March 15th and November 8th). German operations against the Baltic Islands begin (see 12th). Allied Naval Conference formed in London (see January 24th). Baron de Broqueville resigns as Belgian Minister for bear (appointed February 28th, 1914) and succeeds Baron Beyens as Minister for Foreign Affairs (see January 18th, 1916, and January 1st, 1918). Single aeroplane by moonlight (see November 28th, 1916 and September 4th, 1917 and May 19th, 1918). General Allenby succeeds General Sir A. Murray as General Officer Commanding in Egypt (see March 19th, 1916). M. Lenin and M. Trotski assume power. General van Deventer succeeds General Hoskins in command of British forces in East Africa (see January 20th). Arrival of British troops in Italy announced (see 3rd and June 30th, 1918). October 12, 1917 - The Ypres offensive culminates around the village of Passchendaele as Australian and New Zealand troops die by the thousands while attempting to press forward across a battlefield of liquid mud, advancing just 100 yards. Bulgaria severs diplomatic relations with the United States of America. British Government give the King of the Hejaz (see December 15th, 1916, and February 4th, 1918) written assurance of the future independence of the Arab people. British defence of Jerusalem ends (see 26th). Special train transportation for his return was provided by the Germans in the hope that anti-war Lenin and his radical Bolshevik Party will disrupt Russia's new Provisional Government. Upon detonation, 10,000 Germans stationed on the ridge vanish instantly. lnter-Allied Conference ["Commission de Ravitaillement"] (Russia, France, Great Britain and Italy represented) assembles at Petrograd to discuss war policy, finance, supplies and co-operation (see February 20th). Food was scarce because German U-Boats (submarines) were sinking the ships bringing supplies. Hostilities between Rumania and Central Powers suspended (see 9th and 10th, and March 5th, May 7th, and November 10th, 1918). What Happens At The End Of 1917 Lance Corporal William Schofield (George MacKay) prevents Colonel Mackenzie (Benedict Cumberbatch) from … Nicknamed "The Tiger," when asked about his agenda, he will simply answer, "I wage war.". Action of Ramadi (Mesopotamia) (28th/29th). (see December 15th, 1917 and December 18th, 1916). Dr. A. Augusto da Costa succeeds Dr. A. J. d'Almeida as Portuguese Premier (see March 15th, 1916 and December 10th, 1917). February 3, 1917 - The United States severs diplomatic ties with Germany after a U-Boat sinks the American grain ship Housatonic. German airship "L.-43" destroyed in the North Sea. The story of 1917 takes place on April 6, and it’s partly inspired by events that had just ended on April 5. World War 1, also known … Karind (West Persia) occupied by Russian forces. The Battle of Beersheba. March 15, 1917 is the 74 th day of the year 1917 in the Gregorian calendar. Mobilization of the Greek army, summer 1915 #4 Russia Withdraws From War.

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