This species is not threatened in South Africa and is evaluated as Least Concern (LC) on the Red List of South African plants. This tree is found as an understorey tree in open miombo woodland dominated by species of Brachystegia, Julbernardia and Isoberlinia, but is most common near water. Dalbergia melanoxylon: valuable wood from a neglected tree. It is found near water or in valleys of impeded drainage. They can be used to prevent soil erosion because of its extensive root system. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It is an important timber species used in making musical instruments and furniture. In: Sustainable Production of African blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon. ), sebrahout, swartdriedoring, driedoringebbehout (Afr. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Seeds must be collected when they are brown, cleaned by removing the papery pod and sown when they are still fresh, without pre-treatment, in a seed tray filled with a well-drained sowing medium (e.g. Moore K; Hall J, 1987. African Blackwood is heavy, dense, very hard and very durable, and one of the most valuable timbers in Africa. Dřevo je olejnaté, trvanlivé, velmi těžké a tvrdé.Je tmavě purpurově hnědé nebo šedohnědé (někdy až modročerné) s černými pruhy. Bole length occasionally reaches 3.6 m but normally ranges within .2-1.8 m. Average dbh at maturity is less Section of wood showing white sapwood and dark heartwood. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T32504A9710439. ), A beautiful, small, spiny tree, with fragrant, white, pea-like flowers in dense clusters in early summer; it also produces attractive purple-black heartwood that can be used to make musical instruments. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. & Perr. It is used medicinally to preve… Login to add your Comment Van Wyk, B. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Propagation of this species can be achieved by seeds, cuttings and suckers. The soil should be kept moist all the time, but not wet. Abstract Notes are given on the botany, ecology, distribution (in Africa), uses, silviculture, limitations, and future research needs of this multipurpose nitrogen fixing tree. Ajna Fern Report of Technical Workshop, Pemba, Mozambique, 25-26. The database and code is licensed under a Branches are clustered at the nodes. Cambridge, UK: Fauna and Flora International. Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. & Perr. Kuntze. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Guill. Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Dalbergia clade (or tribe): the Dalbergieae. & Perrottet (syn. Spiny shrub or tree, up to 5–12(–30) m. tall, typically several-stemmed and much branched to form a low irregularly shaped crown; bark grey, ultimately rough and fissured or … The seed tray should be placed on a raised bench, in a warm area covered with a net, until germination. ), isparati, mpingo (Swati), mogôrôgôrô (Northern Sotho), xilutsi, shipalats, xipalatsi (Tsonga), muuluri (Venda), mokgêlete (Tsw), umphhingo (Zul. Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg. It can fix Nitrogen. African Blackwood Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 2.3) Scientific classification Ki 3 parts potting soil and 1 part river sand), in summer. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. This wood is often used for flutes and other instruments, especially in Germany. Not registered yet? Medicinal Uses – Dalbergia melanoxylon is well known throughout eastern Africa as a medicinal tree, usage being made of its bark, leaves and roots, and it is found in many listings of African medicinal plants. & Perr.) Oil is extracted from the seedand tannin from the bark. Common names: zebra wood, African blackwood, African ebony (Eng. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. The following is a list of 14 African Hardwoods along with their various qualities and how they are commonly used: 1. Amerimnon melanoxylon Kuntze) African Blackwood, Mpingo, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony, Ébène, African Grenadilla. It is a small tree that grows usually 4 - 15 m in height with grey bark, spiny shoots, pinnately compound leaves that are arranged alternately, and white flowers that form into dense clusters. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., 2008. However, it is widely exploited for its timber in many parts of Africa, where it is declining, with severely fragmented populations, and is listed as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN Red List, with research needed. Trees are slow growing, although the plant may reach about 3 m in 10 years; They take up to 100 years to produce a trunk with enough heartwood worth harvesting. Leaves are compound (imparipinnate); leaflets are oval, clustered on small branches. (Dalbergia melanoxylon) About; Range and Habitat; Uses and Threats. ]. Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (19) Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. Mature trees are fire tolerant and young seedlings are harmed by fire. The wood is also used as a fuel and to make charcoal. The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of … If you would like to support this site, please consider. Accessed 18 November 2019. Dalbergia melanoxylon, mainly used for the making of woodwind instruments, is the single alternative homogeneous black wood that is still commercially available but is under unsustainable exploitation pressure locally (Jenkins et al., 2002). Accessed on 2019/12/02. The fruits and foliage are browsed by game and livestock, except horses. Germination can be expected after 8 days. Its black heartwood has been highly prized since ancient times and used for carving and to make artefacts. According to Woods and Calnan (1976), in England, clarinets are usually made of African blackwood. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. African Ebony originates from dry parts of tropical and subtropical Africa, its natural range extending from Senegal to South Sudan and from Ethiopia, through Kenya, to southern Africa.. (Dalbergia melanoxylon) Unfortunately, I have only worked with and seen African Blackwood once in my life. Fruit is a small, brown to khaki-coloured, flattened, thin, papery pod, not splitting, with a slight swelling where there is a seed. Fabaceae + Synonyms. The sapwood is yellowish white, and makes an eye-catching contrast with the black heartwood. In: Louppe, D., Oteng-Amoako, A.A. & Brink, M. (Eds). It cannot grow in the shade. Kuntze. Comments: Madagascar Rosewood is comprised of a number of Dalbergia species only found on the African island of Madagascar. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Downloaded 2 December 2019. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. The bark is pale grey, smooth, but becoming rough and flaking with age. Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments (guitar bodies and fingerboards), furniture, cabinetry, inlays, carving, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Lusaka 1976 This plant is extremely slow growing. & Perr.) A bagpipe practice chanter made out of African Blackwood. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa. Seeds are kidney-shaped. Habitant and Distribution of Dalbergia melanoxylon The interest of early researchers as Guillemin & Perrottet 1832 (Guill & Perr) and others in the mid-1960’s were based on ethnobotanical research on Dalbergia melanoxylon including the habitat, ecology, distribution, economic uses, nomenclature and Synonyms of this species. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. The African Blackwood Tree and the woodworker. Grow this tree in a sunny position, in clayey soil with water in summer. Dalbergia melanoxylon is widely distributed in Africa, from Senegal across to Sudan, Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is known as an indispensable material for the production of musical instruments, e.g., clarinets, oboes, and piccolos. Trees provide shelter and make useful windbreaks and live fences. It is a plant of low to moderate elevations and it grows in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 18–35ºC and the mean annual rain fall is 700–1 200 mm. Flowers are a good source of nectar for honey bees. & Perr. Of further concern is the scarcity of substitute woods for these uses. It grows in mixed woodland, thicket, bushveld, on rocky outcrops or termite mounds. The generic name Dalbergia honours the Swedish brothers Nils and Carl Dalberg, botanists who lived in the eighteenth century. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae byJ.M. Flowers are very small, white, pea-shaped, sweetly scented, produced in branched clusters arising at nodes along the branches, in early summer (from October to December). & Perr. Uses https//uses.plantnet.org.en/Dalbergia –melanoxylon-(PROTA). Other Common Names: Mufunjo (Uganda), Mpingo, Mugembe (Tanzania), Babanus (Sudan), Mukelete (Rhodesia), Grenadilla (Mozambique). Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32504A9710439.en. Distribution: This African tree has an extensive range on… Conservation. It grows very well in sandy, loam and clay soils. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, heavily branched tree, typically 4.5-7.5 m tall but occasionally reaching 15 m. The bole is fluted with high narrow ribs separated by deep indentations. Richard Morris. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Dalbergia melanoxylon. African blackwood - Dalbergia melanoxylon in the province of Cabo Delgado. Dalbergia melanoxylon. To the south, it ranges from Angola to Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique, as far south as the Transvaal (Gillett et al., 1971; Redhead and Temu, 1981). Family: Leguminosae. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. African Blackwood. The genus has a wide distribution, native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia Dalbergia melanoxylon. 2017 Germination of Seeds of Melanoxylon brauna Schott. web interface by Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide, Günter Baumann; African plants - A Photo Guide, http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Distribution: A rather extensive range in savanna regions from Sudan southward to Mozambique, westward to Angola, and then northward to Nigeria and Senegal. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. It is particularly in demand for making wind-instruments and parts of violins. Dalbergia melanoxylon is pollinated by bees. Dalbergia sissoo is used as firewood, timber, poles, posts, tool handles, fodder, erosion control and as a windbreak. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Dalbergia melanoxylon is traditionally used to treat diarrhoea, headache, bronchitis and colds, rheumatism, prevent miscarriage, treat gonorrhoea, stomachache and abdominal pain, to clean wounds, relieve pain in joints and to treat inflammation in mouth and throat. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. It produces a dense timber highly prized for its rich colour but is highly variable in form and very slow-growing, needing seventy years or more to reach timber-harvesting size. It is sold in small volumes, but at high prices. It is often multi-stemmed and much-branched, forming a low, irregularly shaped crown. Winfred Velephi NgwenyaLowveld National Botanical GardenDecember 2019. Ken Fern, Dalbergia melanoxylon is distributed in South Africa (where it occurs in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga), Swaziland, Botswana and Namibia, northwards to Senegal and eastwards to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Kenya. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, spiny, deciduous tree, which grows 5 to 7 m tall. Medicinal uses. Dalbergia stevensonii is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate. The specific name is Greek and means ‘dark wood’. Dalbergia melanoxylon je strom z čeledi bobovitých, pocházející z Afriky a poskytující ceněné dřevo, známé jako grenadill či jako nepravý nebo Mosambický eben, případně babanus. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. under Heat Stress: Production … Dalbergia melanoxylon is traditionally used to treat diarrhoea, headache, bronchitis and colds, rheumatism, prevent miscarriage, treat gonorrhoea, stomachache and abdominal pain, to clean wounds, relieve pain in joints and to treat inflammation in mouth and throat.. African Blackwood is heavy, dense, very hard and very durable, and one of the most valuable timbers in Africa. Click here to register. Common Name: African Blackwood. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, heavily branched tree, typically 4.5-7.5 m tall but occasionally reaching 15 m. The bole is fluted with high narrow ribs separated by deep indentations. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Běl je úzká, šedavě bílá. The heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon (trade names: African blackwood, African ebony, grenadille d’Afrique, ébène du Sénégal, ébène du Mozambique) was already used by the ancient Egyptians for artefacts and for furniture such as thrones and beds. ... An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
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